Laboratoire des processus de raisonnement

   Dr. Henry Markovits
   Professor of Psychology


   Département de psychologie

   Université du Québec à Montréal

   C.P. 8888, Succ Centre-Ville

   Montréal, Québec H3C 3P8

  email :;


Curriculum vitae complet                                                                                               Version française



I and my colleagues study the processes underlying inferences that people make in several different contexts. The basic hypothesis guiding these studies is the idea that inferences are supported by the construction of internal mental models that synthesize people's experiences and knowledge. Two domains are being studied:  logical reasoning with conditionals and social reasoning. Our most recent work has examined the relation between reasoning style as instantiated with the dual strategy model and different forms of inference, including judgments about emotions and biases and gender difference in social representations (with Joyce Benenson). Developmental work has examined the developmental trajectory of conditional (if-then) reasoning.

Selected publications


Dual strategy model


Markovits, H. Brisson, J., de Chantal, P.-L. & Singmann, H. (2018). Towards a multi-dimensional model of deductive reasoning: Integrating dual strategy and dual-source models. Journal of Cognitive Psychology.


Markovits, H., Trémolière, B., & Blanchette, I. (2018). Reasoning strategies modulate gender differences in emotion processing. Cognition.


Markovits, H., Brisson, J., de Chantal, P. L., & Thompson, V. A. (2017). Interactions between inferential strategies and belief bias. Memory & Cognition, 45(7), 1182-1192, doi: 10.3758/s13421-017-0723-2.


Markovits, H., Brisson, J. & de Chantal, P.-L. (2016). Logical reasoning versus information processing in the dual strategy model of reasoning. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition.


Markovits, H., Brisson, J., & de Chantal, P. L. (2015). Deductive updating is not Bayesian. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition41(4), 949.


Development of reasoning

Markovits, H. (2017). In the beginning stages: Conditional reasoning with category-based and causal premises in 8- to 10- year olds. Cognitive Development, 41, 1-9.


De Chantal, P.-L & Markovits, H. (2016). The capacity to generate alternative ideas is more important than inhibition for logical reasoning in preschool aged children. Memory and Cognition.


Markovits, H., Brisson, J. & de Chantal, P.-L. (2016). How do pre-adolescents interpret conditionals? Psychonomic Bulletin and Review, 23(6), 1907-1912, doi: 10.3758/s13423-016-1050-5.


Markovits, H. (2014). On the road towards formal reasoning: Interactions between information processing and reasoning with factual causal and contrary-to fact causal premises in early adolescence, Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 128, 37-51.


Social representations and gender

Markovits, H., Gauthier, E., Gagnon St-Pierre, E., & Benenson, J. F. (2017). High status males invest more than high status females in cooperative same-sex peers. PLOS One.

Benenson, J. F., Markovits, H. & Wrangham, R. (2014). Rank influences human sex differences in dyadic cooperation. Current Biology, 24(5), R190-191.

Benenson, J. F. with Markovits, H. (2014). Warriors and Worriers: The Death of the Sexes, Oxford University Press, 288 pages.


Professional activities

Associate Editor, Thinking and Reasoning, (2011-present)

Consulting Editor, Memory and Cognition (2016-2019)

Editorial Board, Journal of Experimental Child Psychology (2009-2017)

Member, NSERC psychology grants review committee (Canada): 2005-2008; 2012-2015